Within this section, the objective is to emphasise the complex interaction between theory and practice in the military field by referring to the main concepts and technologies that have led to the evolution of military strategy throughout time. The focus will be on the current technological revolution and the adaptation of military actions in the context of the emergence and development of the COVID-19 pandemic.
 
Topics:
 
  • Romania’s Military Strategy – Fundamentals from the perspective of the new allied posture in the region;
  • Deterrence and defence at NATO’s Eastern Flank – the role of armed forces – perspectives and solutions;
  • The influence of joint, multi-domain operations on implementing strategic concepts;
  • The perspective of modern warfare and modern armed fight in the circumstances of the security environment of the 21st century;
  • The history of NATO strategic concepts – the NATO 2030 perspective;
  • New approaches to the military leadership at the strategic and operational level, an instrumental factor to the success of military actions;
  • The impact of emerging and disruptive technologies on future military actions;
  • The fundamentals of military strategy in the case of small and medium powers.
 

       The relation between intelligence and the concept of (national and international) security is meant to explain and promote common defence policies, generated following the decisions adopted not only during the NATO Summits of the past decade but also at the European Union level. A new arms race, asymmetrical threats, cybersecurity or the impact of artificial intelligence on security are only a few of the aspects that have resulted in reviewing the priorities of international actors in the field of security and defence. The COVID-19 pandemic is the most recent challenge humanity has to face, and the scale of the crisis will undoubtedly have significant effects on security at the global level. How the great actors will manage the effects of the crisis is a question to be answered. A debate in this regard may provide not only clarification but also subjects for analysis in terms of the less visible or more difficult to anticipate aspects.
         
 
Topics:
  • NATO’s Deterrence Posture in the Black Sea Region (panel hosted by New Strategy Center);
  • Structural changes in the national security policy (panel hosted by the Romanian Diplomatic Institute);
  • Resilience and technological security in the Wider Black Sea Region (panel hosted by the CPC-EW – Center for Conflict Prevention & Early Warning);
  • Actionable intelligence in the dynamics of the transformational geopolitical challenges in the Black Sea (panel hosted by the Defence Intelligence Training Centre);
  • Emergent and disruptive technologies application in planning military operations in cyberspace (panel hosted by the DCTI);
  • National security policy as a field of public policies;
  • Conflict management and crisis management. Reactive management of conflicts in Eastern Europe between 1990 and 2020;
  • Deterrence policy in the 21st century: from theory to practice;
  • Influence of operations in cyberspace. The superiority in the electromagnetic space;
  • The Military Strategy within the National Security Strategy of Romania 2020-2025;
  • The international security environment and middle-term evolutions. The evolution of the security environment in the Black Sea region;
  • A possible NATO strategy: from the Atlantic to the global level, the role of the European Union.


 
          The pace of change as well as of the transformation entailed by the new revolution in military affairs has quickened lately, especially after the attacks on 11 September 2001. Although the essence of war has remained unchanged, the forms and procedures of military action, armed combat included, have evolved, depending on the features of the strategic security environment as well as on the forces, means, weapon systems, policies and strategies. The COVID-19 pandemic has impacted the conduct of military actions, having profound implications for resources management, education, and military actions organisation. 
 
Topics:
 
  • Military education: from organisational culture to strategic leadership;
  • Military mobility;
  • Public assets and public policies in the security field;
  • Research-development and innovation activity management;
  • The economy-military strategy relationship;
  • The support to public authorities in crisis situations management.


         
           By bordering the Middle East, the Caucasus, the Mediterranean and Southeast Europe, the Wider Black Sea Region stands out through its strategic position, crossing the main trade routes of the Antiquity. Afterwards, at present, the main geopolitical axes crossed in the Wider Black Sea Region, thus becoming a demarcation line, a natural border between three continents.
            The features of the Black Sea have led throughout history to an almost permanent struggle for supremacy. The total control of the Black Sea basin by the Roman, Byzantine and Ottoman Empires is the written evidence of history. Borders, as social and political phenomena within which the states of the Wider Black Sea Region were formed and developed, are areas of dispute or areas of contact and promotion of the principle of good neighbourliness. Borders are a symbol of statehood and will never disappear from the existence of nations.
            In the Black Sea area, complex geopolitical evolutions have been witnessed over time, focused on the hotbeds of conflict-related to the reconstruction of the nations in the region, or to the ethnic and territorial disputes. With enough reasons, from nationalist to border ones, autonomous or separatist territories, tensions in the Black Sea area have had a very high potential for spread to nearby areas.
           For a long time, borders have divided mentalities, separated peoples and represented real strongholds for expansionist powers, which once conquered left room for the exploitation of undue riches. Most of the wars that have taken place throughout the history of the Wider Black Sea Region have been fought for the conquest of territories and, consequently, for the exploitation of goods in soils, undergrounds, but also at sea and in the airspace.
           We will find out more about Romania’s role, interests and involvement in the military conflicts at the Black Sea in the 19th-20th centuries in the debate scheduled in the context of the Romanian Military Thinking Conference, 2021.

Topics:
 
• The Black Sea in Gheorghe Brătianu's vision;
• The Black Sea in the First World War and the interwar period;
• The Second World War and its impact on the equation of power at the Black Sea.
• The Black Sea Area in the 19th Century
• The Black Sea in the context of the Oriental Crisis.
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